Not to be confused with Blackalicious’ Alphabet Aerobics, we wanted to take a minute to break down some of the acronyms that have come to be common lingo for us here in Lima.
aka the “UN F-triple-C” is an international environmental treaty conceived at the Rio Summit in 1992. There are 196 parties to the treaty text. Member states started signing on in the early 1990s and have held annual conferences around the treaty ever since.
2. COP: Conference of the Parties
Those annual conferences we mentioned? Those are COPs, where parties to the treaty (UNFCCC) meet on an annual basis. Lima is COP20, meaning that countries have been negotiating for 20 YEARS (and counting) to reach an effective climate deal.
The ADP was founded in - you guessed it - Durban (COP17). It is a process to develop a legally-binding deal no later than 2015 (tick, tock, negotiators!)
4. GCF: Green Climate Fund
The Green Climate Fund was established in Warsaw at COP19 to provide vital funds for adaptation and mitigation of climate change impacts.
INDCs are what each country pledges to accomplish in terms of climate policy (due in early 2015). INDCs are the answer to the one-size-fits-all solution that has held up the COP negotiating process for the past 20 years. These national pledges will eventually need to be transformed into legally binding nationally-determined contributions. This will happen in Paris (COP21) in 2015 which is why we need these to be as ambitious as possible.
Established in 1988 under the mandate of the UN, the IPCC produces reports to support the work of the UNFCCC (see above). Okay, it’s basically a group of badass scientists, researchers, and experts and is recognized as an international authority on climate change.
7. LOL: Laugh Out Loud, as in, “A Canadian climate policy without acknowledging the tar sands is LOL-worthy!”